The three different types of goals
Gregg says it is important to be aware of the three main types of goals – the performance goal, the process goal and the outcome goal.
“Performance goals usually focus on achieving standards or performance objectives independent of other competitors. For example, running a mile in six minutes,” he said.
“Process goals focus on the actions an individual must engage in to perform well. For example, a basketball player focusing on releasing the ball at the peak of their jump. These are usually performed at practise, not in competition.
“Outcome goals focus on the end result of an event. They depend not only on your play but that of the competitor. For example, winning a tennis match.
“In the short-term, [athletes and coaches should focus on] process and performance goals; in the long-term [the focus can be] outcome goals.”
Finally, Gregg says if goal setting isn’t working, it could be down to one of several factors.
“Failure of goal setting could be having to convince individuals to set goals, failing to set specific goals, setting too many goals too soon, failing to adjust goals, failing to recognise individual differences or not providing any follow-up or evaluation,” Gregg said.
“Always prepare and make a plan. And goals should be evaluated and modified if the need arises.”