What is the 5-0-5 Agility Test?
Originally developed in 1985, the 5-0-5 Agility test was created to measure agility in the horizontal plane (1). Interestingly, this test is thought to boost one particular trait that no other CODs test currently withholds. That being, that the 5-0-5 agility test can distinguish between left and right leg performance differences (i.e dominant vs. non-dominant leg), as it only uses one single 180 degrees change of direction. Most other tests, for example, the Illinois, T-test, Arrowhead, and 5-10-5, all alternate between left and right leg changes of direction during the same performance – masking any differences between each leg’s ability to rapidly change from one direction to another.
Though it is commonly thought that the 5-0-5 agility test can distinguish between dominant and non-dominant leg performances, this is yet to be validated by published research. In fact, one unpublished investigation reported no significant difference between dominant and non-dominant leg performances – suggesting that there may be no truth in this theory (2). Regardless, the 5-0-5 agility test is extremely common in performance testing batteries due to its simplicity and cost-effectiveness.
As the 5-0-5 agility test is pre-planned and requires no reactive ability, this test is actually a measure of CODs and not agility. Given this, perhaps the name ‘5-0-5 CODs test’ would be less misleading and more appropriate.
Click here for more information regarding the difference between agility and CODs.