⇒ During instances where athletes may be required to perform either an intense training session or a competitive match within 48h of a previous match, restoration of muscle function (maximum force, power and perceived soreness) is key. As such, the prioritisation of recovery strategies to return the body to a resting/baseline state is essential and should be prioritised during these instances.
⇒ Further to this, the weekly habitual training regimes generally found in professional rugby, where we see the recommencement of training at 48h post-competition, need to be challenged. If subsequent training sessions are performed at a period too soon in the recovery period, the accumulation of fatigue may increase as will the risk of injury, or the preparedness for the next match may be suboptimal.
⇒ During instances where practitioners are seeking to maximise adaptation from an exercise stimulus, CWI may not be actually suitable due to its blunting of the adaptation process. Alternatively, allowing the natural time-course for recovery and adaptation to occur may provide a greater adaptive response. Further to this, an additional application of passive stimuli such as heating may provide additional adaptation (see HERE).
⇒ Previous research investigating the effects of single bout CWI at higher water temperatures (15°C) on muscle soreness is conflicting. Therefore, it seems to be important that practitioners utilising CWI strategies should employ precise monitoring of water at colder temperatures of around (10°C) and repeated bouts as opposed to single bouts.